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Corpus (Front)

Corpus (Front)
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Oslo, Nasjonalmuseet for kunst, arkitektur og design - The National Museum of Art, Architecture and Design


Walrus ivory

Height: 195mm

Crucified Christ.

Koechlin Number: 0015bis

Koechlin 1924: Scandinavian, 13th century.
Beckwith 1972: English, 1180-1190.
Gaborit-Chopin 1978: ca. 1200.
Museum's opinion 2013: England or Norway (Trondheim?), c. 1150-1200.


Polychromy - Gilding
Traces of polychromy: Christ's crown of thorns (green); Christ's loincloth (red).

Head carved the round. Lower relief on the back.

Object Condition
Missing: arms; lower part of the legs.
Hole in the back to attach the figure to the cross.

It has been suggested that this corpus originally belonged to the Bury Saint Edmunds Cross, which was made for Abbot de Tottington (New York, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, The Cloisters Collection, 63.12).

Collection of Emil Hannover, Copenhagen (in 1924); donated to the Museum in 1929.

A. Goldschmidt, Die Elfenbeinskulpturen, 4 vols (Berlin, 1914-1926), III, no. 128.
E. Hannover, 'Et Middelalderligt Norsk Hvalros-Krucifix i dansk Privateje', in Kunst og Haandverk (1918), pp. 96-102 (p. 96).
R. Koechlin, Les Ivoires gothiques français (Paris, 1924), I, pp. 54, 111, 263; II, no. 15bis.
H. Schnitzler, 'Ein Kruzifix aus Walroßzahn', in Festchrift für Erich Meyer zum 60. Geburtstag (Hamburg, 1959), pp. 85-87.
R. Blindheim, 'En romansk Kristus-figier av Hvalrosstann', in Årbok (1968-1969), pp. 22-32.
K. Hoffman and F. Deuchler, The Year 1200, A Centennial Exhibition at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, exhibition catalogue, New York, Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1970, no. 61.
W. Sauerländer, 'The Year 1200, Exhibition Review', in The Art Bulletin, LIII, no. 4 (December 1971), p. 511.
J. Beckwith, Ivory Carving in Early Medieval England (London, 1972), no. 105, figs. 187-188, 205.
D. Gaborit-Chopin, Ivoires du Moyen Age (Freiburg, 1978), no. and fig. 194, 195.


© The National Museum of Art in Oslo/Photo: Annar Bjørgli.

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